Menu Sidebar

Survey: Virtual School Counselors. Would you like to participate?

ATTENTION VIRTUAL SCHOOL COUNSELORS: A survey is being conducted to understand the lived experiences of virtual school counselors before and during the COVID-19 pandemic to help support other counselors.

To participate, you must be 18 years of age or older and a certified virtual school counselor since January 2017 or earlier (at least 3 years of virtual school counseling experience prior to COVID-19). Participants will be asked to participate in a virtual, recorded, 60-minute interview and to review the interview transcript 2 weeks later.

If you would like to participate and meet the study criteria, please contact Dr. Robert Pincus at 352-396-1108 or for more information or to schedule an interview. A consent document will be emailed to participants one week before the interview. The IRB # is IRB-FY21-22-111

Scholarships for Students Studying STEM Careers

STEM(science, technology, engineering, mathematics) careers continue to be some of the most in-demand and highest-paying out there, but earning the required degree to qualify for these careers can be expensive. Fortunately, with independent scholarships, students can lower the financial burden of tuition without taking out loans. In this guide, you’ll find a list of current STEM scholarships & grants that can help make college more affordable. Engineer Warehouse has put together a list of scholarships specifically for students interested in studying STEM Careers. Here is their list:

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Awards

Amount: $500 to $10,000 (undergrad); $1,000 to $5,000 (graduate)

A variety of undergraduate scholarships and graduate awards for AIAA student members in good standing. Requirements will vary by scholarship or award, but an applicant’s education plan must provide entrance into a science or engineering field encompassed by the AIAA.

Deadline: January 31

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Scholarships

Amount: $2,500 to $5,000

The ASCE offers 8 undergraduate scholarship opportunities for students studying civil engineering or closely related fields. Some scholarships are specific to a certain area of civil engineering. Applicant must be a current ASCE student member.

Deadline: February 10

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Scholarships

Amount: $1,500 to $13,000

Over 60 scholarships in a wide array of amounts are available to both undergraduate and graduate students studying mechanical engineering or a closely related field. Open to current ASME student members in good standing.

Deadline: March 1

Astronaut Scholarship Foundation (ASF) Scholarship in Science and Technology

Amount: $10,000

Available to students working toward a degree in engineering, applied or natural science, and plan to pursue research after graduation. Students are nominated by faculty members at their schools. To be nominated students must be in at least their second year of studies at one of the 40 eligible colleges, and have conducted extensive lab and research work in their chosen field.

Deadline: Student nominations due to Vice Provost for Undergraduate Programs by the end of January.

LabRoots STEM Scholarships

Amount: $2,000 to $3,000

Merit-based scholarship opportunities for undergraduate and graduate STEM students awarded two times a year. Open to students both within and outside the U.S. Applicants need to provide an education/research proposal(max 4000 characters).

Deadline: November 30 (Fall) and May 1 (Spring)

National Society of High School Scholars (NSHSS) Stem Scholarships

Amount: $1,000

Open to high school senior NSHSS members who plan to pursue a degree in a STEM major, including any area related to the medical field. Applicants need to submit a 500-word personal statement on the subject of why they have selected their intended STEM major and future career plans.

Deadline: April 1

NextStepU STEM Scholarship

Amount: $1,500

Scholarship awarded 3 times a year to students interested in pursuing STEM degrees. Students must be registered users of, and submit a short (150-250 word) essay explaining their interest in a STEM education.

Deadline: Continuous

STEM Teacher Graduate Scholarships

Amount: $2,500 to $5,000

Available to both undergrad and graduate students pursuing a career in teaching STEM. Applicants pursuing a credential or licensure must have completed a B.S. or graduate degree in a STEM major.

Deadline: April 13

Scholarships & Financial Aid for STEM Education


  • Association for Women in Aviation Maintenance (AWAM) Scholarships Amount: $350 to $12,000 The AWAM sponsors a broad array of scholarship opportunities for women seeking an education in the field of aviation maintenance and technology. Specific requirements vary for each scholarship. Students can apply for up to 3 AWAM scholarships opportunities. Deadline: November 1

BHW Women in STEM Scholarship

Amount: $3,000

This scholarship is open to all women pursuing a degree in STEM. Students are asked to submit a 500 to 800 word essay on one of the following subjects: your favorite app and what you like about it, or a time an app played a significant role in improving your day.

Deadline: April 15

Davis Scholarship for Women in STEM

Amount: $5,000

Developed to encourage minority women to pursue a career in STEM. This scholarship is pen to non-freshman undergrads currently enrolled full-time at a United Negro College Fund member school. Priority is given to students from Massachusetts, but all eligible U.S. residents are eligible and encouraged to apply.

Deadline: June 9

Engineering and Technical Science Achievement Scholarship

Amount: $500 to $2,500

A scholarship available to all women currently enrolled in an undergraduate engineering or technical science degree program at an ABET-accredited or Alpha Omega Epsilon National Foundation-approved institution. Applicants are required to not be receiving education funds from another organization.

Deadline: February 15

Science Ambassador Scholarship

Amount: Full tuition

This full-tuition scholarship is awarded to a high school senior or undergraduate student pursuing a STEM degree. Applicants are required to submit a “mini-lecture” video (max 3 minutes) on a STEM topic.

Deadline: December 11

Society of Women Engineers (SWE) Scholarships

Amount: $1,000 to $15,000

SWE sponsors a wide variety of scholarships, including non-traditional awards, for women pursuing undergraduate and graduate degrees in computers, engineering, or technology at an ABET-accredited school. Awards are available to both SWE members and non-members, although some scholarships require SWE membership.

Deadline: May 1 (freshmen), February 15 (sophomores through graduate students)


  • American Association of Blacks in Energy (AABE) Scholarships Amount: Varies A variety of scholarship opportunities are available to graduating high school seniors from historically underrepresented minorities who intend to pursue education in STEM-related disciplines. Applications are submitted to the local AABE chapters for local scholarship awards, with top-ranked applicants forwarded to the National Scholarship Committee for consideration of the regional and national awards. Deadline: February 3

Brown and Caldwell Minority Scholarship

Amount: $5,000

This award is available to a full-time junior or senior undergraduate, or a graduate student, with a declared major in civil, chemical or environmental engineering, or one of the environmental sciences. Students who apply must identify as a member of a minority group.

Deadline: April 30

Generation Google Scholarship

Amount: $10,000 USD (U.S. students), $5,000 CAD (Canada students)

Open to students from a historically underrepresented group (African American, Hispanic, American Indian, or Filipino/Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander). Students who apply are required to be currently enrolled in college, or a high school senior intending to enroll, in a U.S. or Canada degree program in computer engineering, computer science, or a closely related technical field.

Deadline: December 11

Google Lime Scholarship

Amount: $10,000 USD (U.S. students), $5,000 CAD (Canada students)

The scholarship is available to students currently pursuing an undergraduate, graduate, or PhD degree in computer science, computer engineering, or closely related technical field. Applicants who apply must have, or consider him or herself to have, a visible or invisible disability.

Deadline: December 10

Procter & Gamble STEM Scholarship

Amount: Up to $5,000

Undergraduate scholarship for students pursuing a degree in a STEM-related major. Students applying must be of black heritage, and a U.S. citizen or permanent resident attending, or planning to attend, an accredited four-year college or university.

Deadline: June 15

United Negro College Fund (UNCF) Scholars Program

Amount: $2,500 (freshmen/sophomores); $5,000 (juniors/seniors); $5,000 (students who require fifth year of study)

The UNCF offers 100 awards each year to African American students who are pursuing their undergraduate STEM degrees. Applicants are required to have a demonstrated financial and unmet need, and show a readiness and commitment to pursue their STEM degree program.

Deadline: January 16

Links to all these specific scholarships can be found here:

Faculty at 4-Year Universities

One metric that Counselors can use when evaluating Colleges & Universities for their students is to look at the # of full-time faculty on staff (and percentage of the total). Jane Gabin, Ph.D. an Independent Scholar and Consultant has researched this in depth and has put together the data for more than 600 4-Year Colleges & Universities. Here is her complete list:


COAdams StatePublic10384
NYAdelphi UniversityPrivate340720
MIAdrian CollegePrivate9427
GAAgnes Scott CollegePrivate8152
ALAlabama State UPublic249154
ALAlabama, University ofPublic353220
AKAlaska, U of, AnchoragePublic555497
GAAlbany StatePublic281117
CTAlbertus Magnus CPrivate58116
MIAlbion CollegePrivate11751
PAAlbright CollegePrivate9751
MSAlcorn StatePublic16371
NYAlfred UniversityPrivate15539
PAAllegheny CollegePrivate16733
MIAlma CollegePrivate9959
MAAmerican International Coll.Private72183
DCAmerican UniversityPrivate818699
MAAmherst CollegePrivate236              64
SCAnderson UniversityPrivate148193
TXAngelo State UniversityPublic307128
MAAnna Maria CollegePrivate42157
NCAppalachian State UniversityPublic                                  1,004388
PAArcadia UniversityPrivate 160217
AZArizona, University ofPublic2,082351
AZArizona State UniversityPublic2,235607
ARArkansas, University ofPublic1,192209
ARArkansas TechPublic535194
ARArkansas State UniversityPublic535194
OHAshland UniversityPrivate186368
MAAssumption UniversityPrivate13785
ALAthens State UniversityPublic81103
ALAuburn UniversityPublic1,375231
MNAugsburg CollegePrivate177222
ILAugustana CollegePrivate20159
SDAugustana UniversityPrivate15041
TXAustin Peay State UniversityPublic385319
VAAverett UniversityPrivate5658
MAAve Maria UniversityPrivate6726
CAAzusa Pacific University  Private498737
MABabson CollegePrivate19176
MIBaker CollegePrivate1651197
KSBaker UniversityPrivate95215
OHBaldwin-Wallace UniversityPrivate221239
INBall State University (IN)Public1063703
MDBaltimore, University ofPublic161260
NYBard CollegePrivate157110
NYBarnard CollegePrivate249105
FLBarry UniversityPrivate325410
NCBarton CollegePrivate7251
NYBaruch CollegePublic493607
MEBates CollegePrivate18125
MABay Path UniversityPrivate73405
TXBaylor UniversityPrivate1,096296
FLBeacon CollegePrivate376
KYBellarmine UniversityPrivate176242
NCBelmont Abbey CollegePrivate7648
TNBelmont UniversityPrivate322413
WIBeloit CollegePrivate11718
MNBemidji State UniversityPublic15888
KSBenedictine CollegePrivate     12159
ILBenedictine UniversityPrivate157428
NCBennett CollegePrivate3225
VTBennington CollegePrivate5863
MABentley UniversityPrivate292229
GABerea CollegePrivate13741
GABerry CollegePrivate16364
KSBethany CollegePrivate3956
CABiola UniversityPrivate279235
ALBirmingham Southern CollegePrivate9637
NJBloomfield CollegePrivate70160
PABloomsburg UniversityPublic419100
WVBluefield State CollegePublic7752
OHBluffton UniversityPrivate4744
SCBob Jones UniversityPrivate18631
IDBoise StatePublic757769
MABoston CollegePrivate860612
MABoston UniversityPrivate1,839834
MEBowdoin CollegePrivate19932
MDBowie StatePublic216192
OHBowling Green State UniversityPublic                                     760                                        416
INBradley UniversityPrivate35479
MABrandeis UniversityPrivate379171
GABrenau UniversityPrivate6840
NCBrevard CollegePrivate5144
IABriar Cliff UniversityPrivate6458
CTBridgeport, University ofPrivate147412
VABridgewater CollegePrivate11649
MABridgewater StatePublic316417
UTBrigham Young UniversityPrivate1,256584
FLBroward CollegePublic4523986
RIBrown UniversityPrivate851166
RIBryant UniversityPrivate196154
PABryn Mawr CollegePrivate15942
PABucknell UniversityPrivate38438
IABuena Vista UniversityPrivate8521
INButler UniversityPrivate377218
PACabrini UniversityPrivate80174
PACairn UniversityPrivate4578
NJCaldwell UniversityPrivate86189
CACal Tech (California Inst of Tech)Private33143
CACalIfornia LutheranPrivate190255
CACal Poly, San Luis ObispoPublic958526
CACal State U, PomonaPublic620691
CACal State U BakersfieldPublic290322
CACal State U, ChicoPublic507493
CACal State U, Dominguez HillsPublic277565
CACal State U, FresnoPublic707712
CACal State U FullertonPublic993                                       1,153
CACal State U, Long BeachPublic1,0351,287
CACal State U, Los AngelesPublic6441,068
CACal State U, NorthridgePublic8991,250
CACalifornia U of PennsylvaniaPublic252131
INCalumet College of St. JosephPrivate2360
MICalvin CollegePrivate26296
NCCampbell UniversityPrivate268305
OKCameron UniversityPublic135117
NYCanisius CollegePrivate182223
MNCarleton CollegePrivate21051
PACarlow UniversityPrivate108137
PACarnegie-Mellon UniversityPrivate1,04949
PACarson-Newman CollegePrivate11397
WICarthage CollegePrivate178160
OHCase Western Reserve Univ.Private791222
VTCastleton UniversityPublic102126
NCCatawba CollegePrivate8364
DCCatholic UniversityPrivate377416
NYCazenovia CollegePrivate5149
LACentenary College of LAPrivateWillnot report
PACedar Crest CollegePrivate82140
NJCentenary UniversityPrivate824
IACentral CollegePrivate8718
CTCentral Connecticut State Univ.Public440541
FLCentral Florida, University ofPublic1,619504
MICentral Michigan UniversityPublic754464
WACentral Washington UniversityPublic420258
KYCentre CollegePrivate1298
HIChaminade UniversityPrivate8842
VTChamplain CollegePrivate115158
CAChapman UniversityPrivate489600
SCCharleston Southern UniversityPrivate181134
CTCharter Oak State CollegePublic0182
PAChatham UniversityPrivate120215
MDChesapeake CollegePrivate5356
PACheyney UniversityPublic4545
ILChicago, University ofPrivate1508251
ILChicago State UniversityPublic26997
SCChowan UniversityPrivate6765
TNChristian Brothers UniversityPrivate10599
VAChristopher Newport UniversityPublic282183
SCThe CitadelPublic210108
 City University of New York:   
NY     City CollegePublic525                                        1005
NY     Queens CollegePublic5831050
NY     Baruch CollegePublic493607
NY     Hunter CollegePublic6461692
NY     Brooklyn CollegePublic544742
NY     Lehman CollegePublic381639
NY     John Jay CollegePublic                                 Does                                  not report
NY     College of Staten IslandPublic371763
NY     York CollegePublicNot givenNot given
NY     Medgar Evers CollegePublic185349
PAClarion UniversityPublic20771
MAClark UniversityPrivate20742
GAClark AtlantaPrivate181124
NYClarkson UniversityPrivate246113
GAClayton State UniversityPublic221115
SCClemson UniversityPublic1,300395
OHCleveland State UniversityPublic546632
NCCoastal Carolina UniversityPublic488287
IACoe CollegePrivate10058
SCCoker CollegePrivate6035
MEColby CollegePrivate18047
NHColby-Sawyer CollegePrivate5246
NYColgate UniversityPrivate33223
MECollege of the AtlanticPrivate2724
SCCollege of CharlestonPublic558400
MICollege of Creative StudiesPrivate48241
MACollege of the Holy CrossPrivate29937
NYCollege of Mt St VincentPrivate82138
NJCollege of New JerseyPublic363490
NYCollege of St. RosePrivate172169
VACollege of William & MaryPublic656286
OHCollege of WoosterPrivate17341
COColorado CollegePrivate20134
COColorado School of MinesPublic304268
COColorado StatePublic1,049643
COColorado, University of – BoulderPublic1,611692
INColumbia College – ChicagoPrivate278648
NYColumbia UniversityPrivate1602        221
OHColumbus State UniversityPublic287222
MNConcordia CollegePrivate16248
ILConcordia College – ChicagoPrivate16629
CTConnecticut CollegePrivate17261
CTConnecticut, U of, at StorrsPublic1,221294
SCConverse CollegePrivate813
NYCooper UnionPrivate57149
MDCoppin State UniversityPublic6470
NYCornell UniversityPrivate1,817376
IACornell CollegePrivate7440
GACovenant CollegePrivate6439
IACreighton UniversityPrivate587325
MOCulver Stockton CollegePrivate5149
MACurry CollegePrivate129232
NYDaeman CollegePrivate148Not given
NHDartmouth UniversityPrivate606178
NCDavidson CollegePrivate21010
NYDavis CollegePrivate1417
WVDavis & Elkins CollegePrivate4420
NJDean CollegePrivate31119
OHDefiance CollegePrivate3641
DLDelaware State UniversityPublic221129
DLDelaware, University ofPublic1327518
MSDelta State UniversityPublic18376
OHDenison UniversityPrivate22065
ILDePaul UniversityPrivate909941
INDePauw UniversityPrivate21839
PADe Sales UniversityPrivate130275
PADickinson CollegePrivate22362
LADillard UniversityPrivate7154
NJDrew UniversityPrivate139126
MODrury UniversityPrivate11128
NCDuke UniversityPrivate148182 teaching assts do not count as faculty, but many undergrad  courses are taught by TAs
INEarlham CollegePrivate9510
NCEast Carolina UniversityPublic1239280
PAEast Stroudsburg UniversityPublic25280
KYEastern Kentucky UniversityPublic591463
MIEastern Michigan UniversityPublic729532
FLEckerd CollegePrivate15534
PAEdinboro University of PAPublic24863
NCElizabeth City State UniversityPublic11424
PAElizabethtown CollegePrivate12372
NJSt. Elizabeth University (NJ)Private58141
ILElmhurst CollegePrivate153228
NYElmira CollegePrivate6991
NCElon UniversityPrivate446159
FLEmbry-Riddle Aeronautical UnivPrivate12068
MAEmerson CollegePrivate206253
MAEmmanuel CollegePrivate100105
KSEmporia State UniversityPublic24537
VAEmory & Henry CollegePrivate9784
GAEmory UniversityPrivate1102145
MAEndicott CollegePrivate112Not mentioned
SCErskine CollegePrivate5923
ILEureka CollegePrivate4133
NYExcelsior CollegePrivateNot given1300
CTFairfield UniversityPrivate270319
NJFairleigh Dickinson UniversityPrivate330795
WVFairmont State UniversityPublic168141
NCFayetteville State UniversityPublic25587
NJFelician UniversityPrivate82Not stated
MIFerris State UniversityPublic551365
TNFisk UniversityPrivate4634
FLFlorida A&M UniversityPublic539143
FLFlorida Atlantic UniversityPrivate826495
FLFlorida Gulf Coast UniversityPublic509290
FLFlorida Institute of TechnologyPrivate30420
FLFlorida International UniversityPublic13631146
FLFlorida Southern CollegePrivate158175
FLFlorida State UniversityPublic1554337
FLFlorida, University ofPublic2734504
MOFontbonne CollegePrivate62104
NYFordham UniversityPrivate735887
COFort Lewis CollegePublic17071
GAFort Valley State UniversityPublic1171
OHFranciscan UniversityPrivate133132
PAFranklin & Marshall CollegePrivate24231
CAFresno Pacific UniversityPrivate83396
CAFresno StatePublic763666
KSFriends UniversityPrivate60130
MDFrostburg State UniversityPublic239129
SCFurman UniversityPrivate25179
DCGallaudet UniversityPrivate188103
PAGannon UniversityPrivate234139
NCGardner-Webb UniversityPrivate165135
VAGeorge Mason UniversityPublic13341431
DCGeorge Washington UniversityPrivate11431511
DCGeorgetown UniversityPrivate11171150
GAGeorgia CollegePublic176123
GAGeorgia TechPublic1053169
GAGeorgia SouthernPublic1111276
GAGeorgia SouthwesternPublic11649
GAGeorgia State UniversityPublic1228463
GAGeorgia, University ofPublic2095276
NJGeorgian Court CollegePrivate91198
PAGettysburg CollegePrivate22382
CAGolden Gate UniversityPrivate1771
DEGoldey-Baucom CollegePrivate2373
WAGonzaga UniversityPrivate455358
INGoshen CollegePrivate6238
MDGoucher CollegePrivate13144
COGrand Canyon UniversityPrivate104242
MIGrand Valley StatePublic1188595
NCGreensboro CollegePrivate6321
IAGrinnell CollegePrivate17225
NCGuilford CollegePrivate9680
MNGustavus Adolphus CollegePrivate18430


NYHamilton CollegePrivate19039     
MNHamline UniversityPrivate150122     
VAHampden-Sydney CollegePrivate8723     
MAHampshire CollegePrivate10837     
VAHampton UniversityPrivate252                                             59     
INHanover CollegePrivate8414     
ARHarding UniversityPrivate30598     
MOHarris-Stowe State UniversityPublic40143     
CTHartford, University ofPrivate362453     
NYHartwick CollegePrivate9863     
MAHarvard UniversityPrivate1751308     
CAHarvey Mudd CollegePrivate10114     
NEHastings CollegePrivate7742     
PAHaverford CollegePrivate13728     
HIHawaii PacificPrivate14528     
ARHendrix CollegePrivate9728     
NCHigh Point UniversityPrivate329131     
MIHillsdale CollegePrivate12746     
OHHiram CollegePrivate7963     
NYHobart & William Smith CollegePrivate21420     
NYHofstra UniversityPrivate483753     
VAHollins CollegePrivate7028     
MAHoly Cross, College of thePrivate29038     
MDHood CollegePrivate105121     
MIHope CollegePrivate231124     
CAHope International UniversityPrivate2269     
TXHouston, University ofPublic1,562888     
DCHoward UniversityPrivate604222     
CAHumboldt State UniversityPublic258316     
MEHusson UniversityPrivate133302     
IDIdaho State UniversityPublic617189     
ILIllinois CollegePrivate7222     
ILIllinois Institute of TechnologyPrivate410316     
ILIllinois State UniversityPublic911461     
ILIllinois, University ofPublic1,91011     
PAImmaculata UniversityPrivate85226     
INIndiana Institute of TechnologyPrivate7063     
INIndiana UniversityPublic2,156339     
PAIndiana University of PAPublic542112     
INIndiana WesleyanPrivate160107     
IAIowa State UniversityPublic1,550301     
IAIowa, University ofPublic1,467221     
IAIowa WesleyanPrivate3648     
NYIthaca CollegePrivate519246     
ALJacksonville State UniversityPublic324156     
FLJacksonville UniversityPrivate240189     
VAJames Madison UniversityPublic1062513     
OHJohn Carroll UniversityPrivate179253     
MDJohns Hopkins UniversityPrivate73819     
RIJohnson & WalesPrivate294323     
NCJohnson C. Smith UniversityPrivate8391     
ALJudson CollegePrivate3015     
ILJudson UniversityPrivate44142     
PAJuniata CollegePrivate11838     
MIKalamazoo CollegePrivate10536     
KSKansas State UniversityPublic1,033172     
KSKansas, University ofPublic1,438248     
NJKean UniversityPublic4631036     
NHKeene StatePublic188162     
GAKennesaw State UniversityPublic1220722     
OHKent StatePublic987771     
KYKentucky, University ofPublic1663370     
KYKentucky State UniversityPublic9936     
KYKentucky WesleyanPrivate4745     
OHKenyon CollegePrivate15640     
NYKeuka CollegePrivate6792     
ILKnox CollegePrivate11224     
PAKutztown UniversityPublic39855     
MALasell CollegePrivate83205     
CALaSierra UniversityPrivate9424     
PALafayette CollegePrivate23958     
ILLake Forest CollegePrivate10276     
TXLamar UniversityPublic483131     
WILawrence UnivetsityPrivate17331     
PALehigh UniversityPrivate540168     
NYLeMoyne CollegePrivate177183     
TNLeMoyne-Owen CollegePrivate171171     
NCLenoir-Rhine UniversityPrivate145140     
ORLewis & Clark CollegePrivate213267     
ILLewis UniversityPrivate237425     
VALiberty UniversityPrivateWillnot give numbers     
CALife Pacific UniversityPrivate1622     
ORLinfield CollegePrivate12380     
PALock Haven UniversityPublic20843     
CALoma Linda UniversityPrivate1624                                           355     
NYLong Island Univ (LIU) – BrooklynPrivate281448     
NYLong Island Univ (LIU) – PostPrivate260390     
VALongwood UniversityPrivate25456     
LALouisiana State UniversityPublic1326175     
LALouisiana TechPublic396130     
LALoyola University (NOLA)Private234172     
ILLoyola ChicagoPrivate840842     
CALoyola MarymountPrivate585575     
MDLoyola UniversityPrivate359131     
IALuther CollegePrivate16840     
PALycoming CollegePrivate9025     
VALynchburg, University ofPrivate18783     
FLLynn UniversityPrivate13070     
MNMacalester CollegePrivate18876     
MEMaine, University of, at OronoPublic533345     
MEMaine, University of, at AugustaPublic86152     
OHMalone CollegePrivate89101     
NYManhattan CollegePrivate240193     
MNMankato State UniversityPublic468199     
OHMarietta CollegePrivate9873     
NYMarist CollegePrivate247348     
VTMarlboro CollegePrivate3410     
WIMarquette UniversityPrivate674520     
WVMarshall UniversityPublic484228     
VAMary Baldwin UniversityPrivate97138     
NYMarymount Manhattan CollegePrivate9428     
VAMarymount UniversityPrivate166177     
VAMary Washington UniversityPublic254138     
MDMaryland, University ofPublic1843772     
MDMaryland, U of, Eastern ShorePublic20590     
PAMarywood UniversityPrivate152223     
MAMassachusetts, University ofPublic1417328     
CNMcGill UniversityPublic1,689NO INFO GIVEN     
NYMedaille CollegePrivate79332     
GAMercer UniversityPrivate384359     
NYMercy CollegePrivate247Not given     
PAMercyhurst UPrivate146Not reported     
NCMeredith CollegePrivate12394     
PAMessiah UniversityPrivate201163     
NYMetropolitan College of NYPrivate23201     
FLMiami, University ofPrivate1125502     
OHMiami University of OhioPublic994318     
FLMiami-Dade CollegePublicNot able to determine     
MIMichigan State UniversityPublic2551375     
MIMichigan, University ofPublic2852618     
VTMiddlebury CollegePrivate30156     
GAMiddle Georgia CollegePublic280182     
TXMidwestern State UniversityPublic250116     
PAMillersville UniversityPublic274200     
ILMilliken University (IL)Private153134     
MSMillsaps CollegePrivate7735     
MNMinneapolis Col of Art & DesignPrivate33106     
MNMinnesota, University ofPublic26301155     
MSMississippi CollegePrivate227210     
MSMississippi, University ofPublic1045300     
MSMississippi State UPublic1172229     
MOMissouri, University ofPublic125868     
ALMobile, University ofPrivate72100     
NYMolloy CollegePrivate192533     
NJMontclair StatePublic6361219     
MNMoorhead State UniversityPublic208140     
PAMoravian CollegePrivate153186     
GAMorehouse CollegePrivate16948     
MDMorgan StatePublic460219     
PAMuhlenberg CollegePrivate195104     
MAMt. Holyoke CollegePrivate21158     
NYMt. Saint VincentPrivate82138     
NYNazareth College (NY)Private182331     
NENebraska, University ofPublic130097     
PANeumann UniversityPrivate97161     
SCNewberry College (SC)Private6444     
NHNew Hampshire, University ofPublic630355     
CTNew Haven, University ofPrivate263379     
NJNew Jersey City UniversityPublic249555     
NJNJ Institute of TechnologyPublic441344     
NYNew School: Eugene Lang CollPrivate119146     
NYNew School: Parsons DesignPrivate1701042     
NYNew School: Performing ArtsPrivate16357     
NYNew School: Public EngagemntPrivate82274     
NVNevada, Univ of – Las VegasPublic961733     
NYNY Institute of TechnologyPrivate                                    344                                   362     
NYNew York University (NYU)Private30103636     
NYNiagara UniversityPrivate                                     156            255     
VANorfolk StatePublic                                   Hard                to determine     
ILNorth Park U (IL)Private                                     118            187     
 North Carolina, University of at:        
NC    AshevillePublic22199     
NC    Chapel HillPublic1653657     
NC    CharlottePublic1169523     
NC    GreensboroPublic842284     
NC    PembrokePublic30399     
NC    WilmingtonPublic688412     
NCNC Central UniversityPublic385                                           179     
NCNorth Carolina State U (NCSU)Public2262                                           354     
NCNorth Carolina WesleyanPrivateWillnot report     
MANortheastern UniversityPrivate299272     
AZNorthern Arizona UniversityPublic1161625     
ILNorthern Illinois UniversityPublic803252     
KYNorthern Kentucky UniversityPublic560444     
MINorthern Michigan UniversityPublic296107     
VTNorthern Vermont UniversityPublic44135     
WINorthland CollegePrivate5019     
ILNorthwestern UniversityPrivate1529243     
VTNorwich UniversityPrivate                                     151                 181     
NYNorthwood UniversityPrivate                                       49                    119     
INNotre Dame, University ofPrivate1216170     
FLNova Southeastern UniversityPrivate807714     
MIOakland UniversityPublic606630     
OHOberlin CollegePrivateGivesno  information     
CAOccidental CollegePrivate19259     
GAOglethorpe UniversityPrivate6550     
OHOhio State UniversityPublic41101572     
OHOhio University, AthensPublic988263     
OHOhio Valley UniversityPrivate1353     
OHOhio WesleyanPrivate13771     
OHOklahoma State UniversityPublic1052268     
VAOld Dominion UniversityPublic853706     
MAOlin College of EngineeringPrivate4216     
OKOral Roberts UniversityPrivate158116     
OROregon State UniversityPublic1184513     
OROregon, University ofPublic1163507     
OHOtterbein UniversityPrivate                                     169                                  143     
NYPace UniversityPrivate519850     
CAPacific LutheranPrivate19871     
FLPalm Beach Atlantic UniversityPrivate171202     
TXPaul Quinn CollegePrivate107     
NYPaul Smith’s CollegePrivate   57Not given     
NCWilliam Peace UniversityPrivate3985     
PAPenn State University – Univ PkPublic2995470     
PAPennsylvania, University ofPrivate1570469     
CAPepperdine UniversityPrivate393301     
CAPitzer CollegePrivate9924     
PAPittsburgh, University ofPublic1826545     
CAPomona CollegePrivate18649     
ORPortland State UniversityPublic964679     
ORPortland, University ofPrivate244202     
NYPratt InstitutePrivate1701030     
SCPresbyterian CollegePrivate7829     
AZPrescott CollegePrivate4487     
NJPrinceton UniversityPrivate985181     
RIProvidence CollegePrivate302186     
WAPuget Sound, University ofPrivate23058     
INPurdue UniversityPrivate2287355     
NCQueens UniversityPrivate127171     
ILQuincy UniversityPrivate5356     
CTQuinnipiac CollegePrivate378706     
VARadford UniversityPrivate463274     
NJRamapo CollegePublic220302     
VARandolph CollegePrivate690     
VARandolph-Macon CollegePrivate                                     113                                  67     
ORReed CollegePrivate1521     
CORegis UniversityPrivate280534     
NYRennsalaer Polytechnic InstitutePrivate48351     
RIRhode Island CollegePublic334413     
RIRhode Island, University ofPublic765395     
TNRhodes CollegePrivate17845     
TXRice UniversityPrivate683196     
VARichmond, University ofPrivate410196     
NJRider UniversityPrivate                                     228                                      323     
VARoanoke CollegePrivate175156     
ILRobert Morris CollegePrivate52132     
NYRoberts Wesleyan CollegePrivate9410     
NYRochester Institute of TechPrivate1070398     
NYRochester, University ofPrivate702236     
MTRocky Mountain CollegePrivate6448     
RIRoger Williams UniversityPrivate                                    209                                         314     
FLRollins CollegePrivate2310     
NJRowan UniversityPublic4811092     
NYRussell Sage CollegesPrivate120159     
NJRutgers UniversityPublic21882121     
CTSacred Heart UniversityPrivate329641     
NCSt Andrews CollegePrivate                                       30                                         43     
NHSaint Anselm CollegePrivate15578     
NCSt. Augustine’s UniversityPrivate5937     
NYSt Bonaventure UniversityPrivate14262     
NJSt Elizabeth UniversityPrivate58141     
PASaint Francis CollegePrivate11399     
NYSt. Francis CollegePrivate82216     
NYSt. John FisherPrivate229215     
MDSt. John’s AnnapolisPrivate585     
NMSt. John’s Santa FePrivate3513     
NYSt. John’s UniversityPrivate663880     
NYSt Lawrence UniversityPrivate17145     
FLSt. Leo UniversityPrivate10068     
MOSt Louis UniversityPrivate16591612     
CASt Mary’s College (CA)Private216276     
MNSt Olaf CollegePrivate209117     
NJSt Peter’s UniversityPrivate110187     
FLSt Thomas UniversityPrivate105117     
MNSt Thomas, University ofPrivate153179     
NYSt Thomas Aquinas CollegePrivate5998     
ILSt Xavier UniversityPrivate143217     
MDSalisbury UniversityPrivate446224     
RISalve Regina University (RI)Private128167     
TXSam Houston StatePublic620334     
ALSamford UniversityPrivate361188     
CASan Diego StatePublic933955     
CASan Francisco State UniversityPublic775914     
CASan Francisco, University ofPrivate499685     
CASan Jose State UniversityPublic7541398     
CASanta Clara UniversityPrivate564347     
NYSarah Lawrence CollegePrivate112214     
PAScranton, University ofPrivate272190     
CAScripps CollegePrivate9629     
WASeattle UniversityPrivate510219     
NJSeton Hall CollegePrivate459493     
TNSewanee: Univ of the SouthPrivate168169     
NCShaw UniversityPrivate6354     
VAShenandoah UniversityPrivate270197     
PAShippensburg UniversityPublic28970     
NYSiena CollegePrivate214132     
MASimmons UniversityPrivate231739     
NYSkidmore CollegePrivate286103     
PASlippery Rock St UniversityPublic36066     
MASmith CollegePrivate29020     
CASonoma State UniversityPublic251346     
SCSouth Carolina, University ofPublic1555680     
FLSouth Florida, University ofPublic1299729     
FLSoutheastern UniversityPrivateDoes notreport     
TXSoutheastern UniversityPrivate11044     
LASoutheastern Louisiana UnivPublic511113     
CASouthern California, Univ ofPrivate                                   2151                                        1477     
CTSouthern Connecticut State UnivPublic440520     
INSouthern Indiana, University ofPublic362289     
MESouthern Maine, University ofPublic289542     
TXSouthern Methodist UniversityPrivate9390     
MISouthern Mississippi, U ofPublic674197     
ORSouthern Oregon UniversityPublic169150     
TXSouthwestern UniversityPrivate11034     
GASpelman CollegePrivate17774     
CAStanford UniversityPrivate1701855     
 State University of New York at:        
NY   AlbanyPublic684504     
NY   BinghamtonPublic754293     
NY   BuffaloPublic1302511     
NY   CortlandPublic328334     
NY   GeneseoPublic256123     
NY   New PaltzPublic351293     
NY   OneontaPublic289190     
NY   OswegoPublic363209     
NY   PlattsburghPublic250176     
NY   Stony BrookPublic1066534     
NJStevens Institute of TechnologyPrivate328115     
MDStevenson UniversityPrivate127253     
ALStillman CollegePrivate547     
NJStockton CollegePublic353368     
MASuffolk UniversityPrivate382268     
PASusquehanna UniversityPrivate133116     
PASwarthmore CollegePrivate19827     
VASweet Briar CollegePrivate5920     
NYSyracuse UniversityPrivate1138595     
FATampa, University ofPrivate394421     
PATemple UniversityPublic22961554     
TNTennessee, University ofPublic1595204     
TNTennessee State UniversityPublic393265     
TXTexas A&M (Corpus Christi)Public431321     
TXTexas A&MPublic3159547     
TXTexas Christian UniversityPrivate698343     
TXTexas TechPublic                                   1606                                       196     
TXTexas, U of – AustinPublic2,637496     
NJThomas Edison CollegePublicMostly online, no facultyInformation provided     
OHToledo, University ofPrivate724191     
CNToronto, University ofPublic62838049     
NYTouro CollegePrivate489854     
MDTowson State UniversityPublic903840     
CTTrinity CollegePrivate20794     
TXTrinity UniversityPrivate25385     
DCTrinity Washington UniversityPrivateNotGiven     
MOTruman State UniversityPublic29549     
MATufts UniversityPrivate688373     
LATulane UniversityPrivate79247     
OKTulsa, University ofPrivate                                     341                                         106     
NEUnion CollegePrivate6860     
NYUnion CollegePrivate21130     
NJUnion County CollegePublic89508     
OHUnion Institute & UniversityPrivate35301     
TNUnion UniversityPrivate2185     
ARUniv of Arkansas, Fort SmithPublic236176     
CAUC – BerkeleyPublic1621826     
CAUC- DavisPublic1562582     
CAUC- Los AngelesPublic2266914     
CAUC- San DiegoPublic1230235     
CAUC- Santa BarbaraPublic890320     
CAUC- Santa CruzPublic611228     
COUniversity of ColoradoPublic1611692     
SCUniversity of CharlestonPrivateWillNot report     
IAUniversity of DubuquePrivate107296     
ILUniversity of EvansvillePrivate17389     
PAUrsinus CollegePrivate35485     
NYUtica CollegePrivate149320     
GAValdosta State UniversityPublic412234     
PAValley Forge University (PA)Private2572     
INValparaiso UniversityPrivate290106     
TNVanderbilt UniversityPrivate988291     
NYVassar CollegePrivate28359     
NYVaughn College of AeronauticsPrivate40144     
VTVermont, University ofPublic616198     
NYVilla Maria CollegePrivate3469     
PAVillanova UniversityPrivate635426     
VAVirginia Commonwealth U (VCU)Public292173     
VAVirginia Tech (VT)Public1806226     
VAVirginia, University ofPublic149380     
INWabash CollegePrivate8714     
NYWagner CollegePrivate106196     
NCWake Forest UniversityPrivate603277     
WAWashington, University ofPublic2015660     
PAWashington & Jefferson CollegePrivate11339     
VAWashington & LeePrivate24268     
MOWash University in St. LouisPrivate948352     
MIWayne State UniversityPublic1027711     
FLWebber International UniversityPrivate2120     
MTWeber State UniversityPublic521883     
MOWebster UniversityPrivate180340     
MAWellesley CollegePrivate30047     
NYWells CollegePrivate4018     
CTWesleyan UniversityPrivate36771     
PAWest Chester University        
FLWest Florida, University ofPublic346282     
WVWest Virginia University        
ILWheaton CollegePrivate222130     
MAWheaton CollegePrivate13253     
WAWhitman CollegePrivate16742     
CAWhittier CollegePrivate11649     
WAWhitworth UniversityPrivateDoesnot give information     
KSWichita State UniversityPublic526267     
PAWilkes UniversityPrivate193271     
ORWillamette UniversityPrivate18974     
MOWilliam Jewell CollegePrivate6927     
NJWilliam Paterson UniversityPublic391664     
NCWilliam Peace UniversityPrivate3985     
MOWilliams CollegePrivate29661     
MNWinona State UniversityPublic306157     
SCWinthrop UniversityPrivate285261     
WIWisconsin, University ofPublic2434478     
OHWittenberg UniversityPrivate12167     
SCWofford CollegePrivate14521     
MAWorcester Poly InstitutePrivate42088     
OHWright State UniversityPublic652458     
OHXavier UniversityPrivate392399     
LAXavier University of LAPrivate22129     
CTYale UniversityPrivate1223586     
NYYeshiva UniversityPrivate293308     
PAYork College of PAPrivate176267     
GAYoung Harris CollegePrivate6753     
OHYoungstown State UniversityPublic400589     
    Dr. Jane S. Gabin 12/1/21     


To assess the quality of an educational institution look at its commitment to its teaching staff. This involves using the Common Data Set. This is about 30 pages long, giving enrollment, numbers of teachers, majors offered, and other matters, always in the same order. Section I – I as in Illinois – is always instructional faculty. Each college gives the number of full-time faculty, followed by the number of part-time faculty. This is all public information. It is not a secret. Section I lists the numbers of the faculty. Finding the CDS is not always easy, though it should be. Sometimes it is missing, or faculty numbers are elsewhere on the institution’s website. Or a college does not publish its CDS or they ask people to write for information. They may offer a ‘school profile’ showing institutional success, but there is no labor information. Usually, admissions reps who speak about their school at college fairs have little or no information about who is teaching. Sometimes colleges play games, e.g. boasting they have no teaching assistants. Other schools include graduate assistants, or TAs, among part-time faculty.

An examination of the CDS will reveal that many colleges and universities hire as many, even more, contingent faculty as regular faculty. This is an indicator of the ethics of the college, or it may be that the school is trying to save money due to a precarious financial situation. Either way – ethics or finances – prospective students need to know. In fact, it’s not merely a ‘need to know’ situation but a ‘right to know.’ To obtain the information needed for this study, I often had to go to for information not provided by the schools, and am indebted to them.                                      JSG 12/1/21

Average SAT Score by State

List of All Average State SAT Scores

Here are the most recent average SAT scores for all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands. Find your area below and see how your SAT score compares with your region’s average!

StateParticipation RateEBRWMathTotal
District of Columbia(90%)500487987
New Hampshire(71%)5405261065
New Jersey(48%)5625631125
New Mexico(30%)508488996
New York(55%)5265311057
North Carolina(23%)5785711150
North Dakota(1%)6316281258
Puerto Riconot provided511483994
Rhode Island(68%)5144971011
South Carolina(48%)5295071036
South Dakota(1%)6056101215
Virgin Islands, USnot provided484435920
West Virginia(45%)5204871007

This is from a blog written by Prep Scholar. They also include some information about the national average scores and specific states (highest, lowest, etc.). Check it out here:

Spring 2022 Issue – LINK for Counselors – These articles are scheduled to run!

The Spring 2020 issue of LINK for Counselors will be published in February 2022. We have some great articles lined up for you. Here is a quick summary:

How To Create a College Counseling Program at Your School – By Nina Berler – Founder of unCommon Apps

ELL and College – The need for Counselors to counsel ELL Students about the College planning process – By James Paterson – Former Counselor of the Year in the Montgomery, MD School District

Study in the UK – Article that outlines some of the positives about studying abroad in the UK

Accelerated Law Programs – Guide to helping your students get on the path to pursuing a Career in Law

Sophomores – Primer on what you should be talking to your Sophomores about to put them on the path to College – By James Paterson – Former Counselor of the Year in the Montgomery, MD School District

Creating Belonging Within Our Profession – By Sonja Montiel – Founder of College Confidence

Screening and Onboarding: Assisting students with learning differences to “hire” a college learning center – By Marian G. Carpenter – Leads the College Counseling and Internship Programs, as well as teaches a senior writing seminar, at The Siena School

How to Boost Your Students’ Mental Health

Choosing Online College Courses for High School Students with Learning Disabilities and ADHD: How to determine the best fit

Why You Must Ask “Why” (How to Help Your Students Write Effective College Essays with Less Stress)

US News & World Report College Rankings – By David Rion – the Director of College Guidance at The Loomis Chaffee School in Connecticut

Top 10 Blog Posts of 2021 (as measured by clicks in our e-newsletter)

Free College – By James Paterson – Former Counselor of the Year in the Montgomery, MD School District

Pandemic Bright Side – James Paterson – Former Counselor of the Year in the Montgomery, MD School District

Majors Matter – By Carolyn Kost – Counselor, North Palm Beach, Florida

Scholarship Watch – List of 10 Scholarships for your students

Have something you would like to submit? There is still time. Contact us at

The School Counselor’s Role in Providing Trauma-Informed Care

When many adults hear the word trauma, their minds can go to the most extreme situations—fleeing persecution in a dangerous country or being trafficked across borders. While those situations can undoubtedly be harrowing, trauma takes many forms and is actually much more common than many people think. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, more than two-thirds of children reported experiencing at least one trauma by the age of 16.

School counselors can improve the overall school system by also employing trauma-informed practice. This includes identifying students who may show signs of trauma; educating staff, families and students about the effects of trauma; and implementing positive behavioral interventions that improve social and emotional learning, as described in the position statement of the American School Counselor Association.

In an article for the Child Mind Institute, psychiatrist Nancy Rappaport, MD, explains that it’s also important to recognize that children and adolescents who experienced trauma may have difficulty trusting adults, particularly if other adults contributed to that traumatic event in some form.

“These kids don’t have the context to ask for help,” says Rappaport, who is also a school consultant and associate professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. “They don’t have a model for an adult recognizing their needs and giving them what they need.”

In those situations, school counselors and other school staff should cultivate relationships by offering support in an affirming way. Rappaport says to first work with students on acknowledging and identifying emotions. Understanding that a school counselor or other staff member “gets it” will enable students to more appropriately express their emotions.

This information is from a blog on Online Counseling Programs: Addressing Students’ Triggers: Tips for Trauma-Informed Classroom Design

Complete Guide to Helping Your Students and Their Families Complete the 2022-2023 FAFSA

The FAFSA can be very intimidating for families. Nitro College has put out a very thorough 2022-2023 Step-by-Step Guide to help families complete the FAFSA.

They break down each section into several easy steps to complete it. Here are direct links with help for each specific question:

Step 1: Student Information

Step 2: Student Financial Information

Step 3: Student Status (Determines Whether You Will Need Parental Information)

Step 4: Parent Information

Step 5: Student Household Information

Steps 6 & 7: Send, Sign and Date

This is one of the most thorough guides I have seen so please share with any of your parents and students that can use help on their FAFSA.

Step by Step: College Awareness and Planning for Families, Counselors and Communities

NACAC has combined the Guiding the Way to Higher Education: Step-by-Step to College Workshops for Students curricula with resources from the Families, Counselors and Communities Together (FCCT) manual to create the Step by Step: College Awareness and Planning for Families, Counselors and Communities.

Revised in 2017, the curricula—presented in four sections, for elementary school students (grades K-5), middle school students (grades 6-8), early high school students (grades 9 through first semester 11) and late high school students (grades 11-12), offer training for counselors and others who work with underrepresented and under served students to provide comprehensive tools for meeting the needs of first-generation students and their families.

Developed by NACAC members Mary Lee Hoganson, Phyllis Gill and Joan Mudge, the Step by Step curricula were presented at the NACAC national conference in 2008. NACAC Human Relations Committee members Nancy Caine, Patty Montague and Bridget Herrera conducted training on the FCCT manual during the session, and the program has had continued success.

Since its creation, the Step by Step curricula has been updated and maintained by NACAC’s Education and Training Team; the Inclusion, Access, and Success Committee; and the Professional Development Committee. The Elementary School modules were created with the assistance of ASCA School Counselor of the Year Finalists, Rebecca Lallier and Samantha Vidal.

Step by Step: College Awareness and Planning: Download for free

Download Elementary School (Grades K-5)
Download Middle School (Grades 6-8)
Download Early High School (Grade 9-Semester 1 of Grade 11)
Download Late High School (Grades 11-12)
Download Additional Resources (Financial Aid)

Powerpoint Presentations:

Building a Foundation for Educational Success
Setting the Stage for Dreams to Become Reality
Charting a Challenging High School Experience
Follow the Road to College
Paying for College

Suggested Questions for your Students to Ask You!

The Texas Education Agency has published a list of questions by grade that students should ask their Counselor. These might be thought provoking for your students and prod them to ask questions of you that they should be asking:

For students finishing 9th grade:  

• I need to learn more about college and career options. When is the college and career fair?

• What career and technical education (CTE) opportunities are offered at my school that lead to an industry-based certification or work-based learning opportunity?

• What other college credit and career preparatory classes can I take in 10th, 11th, and 12th grade? How should I prepare for dual credit or Advanced Placement courses?

• How do I sign up to take the PSAT, and/or the ACT Aspire exam? How should I prepare for it? Is there financial support available?

• Where can I find information about local summer enrichment and career-building skill programs?

For students finishing 10th grade:

• I need to learn more about college and career options. When is the college and career fair?

• What career and technical education (CTE) opportunities are offered at my school?

• Which dual credit, Advanced Placement, or International Baccalaureate classes are available, and which ones will help me achieve my college and career goals?

• What are the upcoming exam schedules for the ACT and SAT? What college-exam prep does our district offer?

• What is the National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (NMSQT), and how can I take advantage of it?

• Where can I find information about summer internships, job-shadowing opportunities, and career skill-building programs?

• How do I change my endorsement? In Texas, students are allowed to make this change through their 10th grade year. (After this year, I am only able to drop an endorsement.)

For students finishing 11th grade:  

• When is the next opportunity to attend a college tour or meet with visiting college admissions representatives?

• Where can I get assistance completing college applications (and essays) needed for the Common App?

• Which community college programs have the best career training programs related to my endorsement and coursework?

• What other college credit and career preparatory classes can I take in 12th grade? Which dual credit, Advanced Placement, or International Baccalaureate courses will best help me achieve my goals?

• What are the upcoming exam schedules for the ACT and SAT? What college-exam prep does our district offer?

• Where can I find information about summer internships with local businesses and other organizations?

• Where can I learn about completing the FAFSA? How do I create a PIN?

• Where can I find information about potential college scholarship opportunities?

How Long Do College Applications Take?

Applying to college is never a one-and-done deal. As we’ve observed in previous articles, applying to college extends beyond the application itself, encompassing other activities like essays, test scores, and recommendations, all of which take time to complete or “collect” – in addition to the hours spent researching where you’d like to apply first! If you’re a regular reader of this blog, you know that our mantra is apply early. But, you may be saying to yourself, “Surely, I can get my college applications done in a day or two.” How long do college applications really take?

The College Application Timeline (A Quick Overview)

In the end, college applications take longer than you think! The application process starts your junior year, and when all is said and done, can take at least 100 hours from start to submission. As noted above, the application process goes beyond the application form itself. It includes completing your standardized tests, researching colleges, asking for recommendation letters from your counselor and teachers, writing essays, and more. Here’s a breakdown of the time it takes to complete each task in order to guide you in completing your applications without missing critical deadlines:

  • Junior Year
    • Choosing which colleges to apply to (20-40 hours)
    • Studying for and taking the SAT/ACTs (40-60 hours)
    • Gathering letters of recommendation (5-10 hours)
  • Senior Year
    • Writing essays for your college applications (20-30 hours)
    • Filling out the college application (2-4 hours)
    • Applying for financial aid, scholarships and grants (10-20 hours)

Junior Year

Choosing the Colleges You’ll Apply To (20-40 hours)

Much of your junior year focus will be on choosing the colleges you’ll apply to. At this point, some students already know the schools they’re interested in, but the majority do not. Junior year is an excellent time to conduct in-depth research. How to do that? There are a number of effective ways: First, nothing replaces an in-person visit, if possible. However, virtual tours and information sessions can be equally helpful in your college search. You can dig deep into a college’s website and even arrange to communicate with a current student or a faculty member in a specific department. You can also scour more subjective, yet reputable, resources like the Fiske Guide to Colleges or The Princeton Review’s The Best 385 Colleges, both of which offer trusted reviews from independent sources. You may spend time on a site like College Board’s Big Future to gather more data. The possibilities seem endless – a carefully crafted college list may take time! After you’ve gathered information about your schools of interest, whittle down this lengthy list to a reasonable number of colleges. We suggest between eight and twelve, comprising of a few “safeties” and “reaches,” with the bulk of your list consisting of schools within your target range. Forming your list may take months, so start early, doing a little research each month so as to arrive at senior year with a nearly complete list. When you’re not researching colleges, you can attend to other tasks, such as preparing for the SAT and ACT.

Studying for and Taking the SAT/ACT (40-60 hours)

We’ve discussed testing at length in myriad previous posts, but one more reminder – study, study, study! Preparing for the SAT or ACT takes time. Each practice test takes over three hours to finish, and optimally, you’ll want to complete one practice exam per week during the eight weeks leading up to a test date. Since not every student can successfully self-prep, you may wish to work with an experienced tutor to review homework tests and learn strategies. These meetings will take time, and considering that most students will sit for the ACT or SAT two to three times – or more! – you’ll have to make room in your junior year schedule accordingly. Don’t forget that summers are a great time to sign up for test prep.

Gathering Letters of Recommendation (5-10 hours)

Before summer break, request letters of recommendation from teachers and/or counselors. While this might be as simple as sending an email, it likely will involve greater effort on your end. You may be asked to fill out a “brag sheet” or some other printed form to help your recommender write a highly personalized letter. The recommender may ask you to share a detailed résumé. At the very least, we suggest that when you request letters of recommendation, you email your teacher a list of your favorite moments from his or her course, and remind your recommender of your stand-out contributions in the classroom. If you haven’t taken care of this task prior to summer break, be sure to request letters of recommendation as soon as you start your senior year.Teacher Helping Student with College Admissions

Senior Year

Writing Essays for Your College Applications (20-30 hours)

Ideally over the summer – but certainly by the start of the school year – work on your college essays. Good essays take time – that’s no secret! You’ll want to begin with your personal essay — a story from your life that provides insight into your personality, interests, and growth. This narrative essay will go through multiple drafts until it’s ready for submission…and once it’s finished, you may have additional, mostly shorter essays to work on. These are supplemental responses that some colleges ask for, which may include prompts asking you to reflect on your chosen major, why you are applying to that college, or the importance of an extracurricular activity. There are myriad prompts, and most of these essays must be unique to each school. Our best advice is to create a spreadsheet to track all colleges and number of essays, and plan your writing time to allow for multiple drafts of multiple essays.

Filling Out the College Application (2-4 hours)

The college application form itself (almost always on line) doesn’t take quite as long as other components. Most students use the Common App or Coalition App platforms, which allow you to enter the same information once for all schools to which you’ll apply. There, you’ll also find colleges’ own questions, including any supplemental essays. Relatively straightforward, the application will still take several hours to carefully complete and review with a parent or other trusted adult before you hit submit. Allotting yourself sufficient time will help you avoid careless errors and put your best foot forward. Also, don’t be afraid to ask for help with your college applications.

Applying for Financial Aid, Scholarships and Grants (10-20 hours)

One of the final application steps will be applying for financial aid, scholarships, and grants. The FAFSA, required for obtaining need-based aid, opens October 1. Apply early to ensure that you receive your financial aid package in a timely manner. In a recent post, we recommended using the summer between junior and senior years to research and apply for scholarships. This summer is also a great time to have a conversation with your parents about college affordability. Remember that the best source of scholarships are colleges themselves, so pay attention to priority deadlines to optimize any merit-based award opportunities. Some colleges may ask you to write additional essays or complete an interview in order to receive a scholarship. Plan accordingly.

Now that you’ve finished all major components of college applications, all you need to do is wait to get accepted. Enjoy this feeling of accomplishment – and don’t forget to keep up your senior year grades!

In Conclusion

It’s clear: applying to college takes time, but you can keep your schedule manageable with careful planning. Starting early in junior year will give you the freedom and flexibility to complete all tasks with minimal rushing, setting you up for a successful senior year.

This post was written by Barbara Leventhal of JRA Educational Consulting and Score Academies. Since 1980, thousands of families have turned to Judi Robinovitz, Certified Educational Planner, and her team of seasoned professionals to help them choose, apply to, and get admitted to their “best fit” schools, colleges, and graduate schools. Check them out at

Older Posts

Link for Counselors