Recommendations For College – Six Tips You Can Give Your Students to Help Them Get Great Letters from Their Teachers

One of the most important elements of the college application is the recommendation of a teacher. College admissions offices take these letters very seriously, and it is critical that your students do their best to secure the best letters of recommendation possible.

The most important step in requesting letters of recommendation is that your students ask the right teachers.  Admissions representatives want to hear insights about what type of student they are and how they are going to contribute to the academic community at their college.  They want to know if your student participates in class, completes their assignments and takes a leadership role in group projects.  But they also want to know if they go above and beyond the basics of being a good student.

What makes a good recommendation for college?

Below are some of the insights that colleges are often looking for.  Your students should think about how they perform in each of their classes and if any of their teachers would be able to describe them as one of these students.

The Intellectually Curious:  Colleges often say they are looking for students who are “intellectually curious”.  What does that mean?  Well, do they ask insightful questions?  Do they not only participate in class discussions, but provide insights that encourage their peers to think of things in a new way.  Do they research a topic beyond what is covered in class and the textbook?

The Helper:  Are they the type of student that helps others in the class?  Some students learn materials better if they teach others.

The Leader, but not the Dominator:  It is great to show that they have leadership skills by taking charge of a group project, but it is important to make sure they don’t take it over.  A true leader is able to bring out the best in everyone in the group, so that everyone contributes to the project in a constructive way.

The Most Improved:  Most students feel that if they have struggled in a class, then they should definitely not ask that teacher for a letter of recommendation, but this could not be further from the truth.  If they have had to work twice as hard as everyone else to succeed in a course, then this could be a great letter of recommendation.

The Motivated to Succeed:  Are they the type of student who asks for help?  Do they often strike up a conversation with their teachers outside of class?  Do they ask for feedback before a paper is due so they can turn in the best work possible?

Some students assume that there is nothing they can do to ensure that the letters are glowing testimonials. While they can’t really expect to sit in the room looking over the shoulder of their teacher as he writes the letter, there are many things they can do to increase the likelihood that the teacher writes a strong letter that will impress admissions officers everywhere.

Watch this video on letters of recommendation.

Here is a step-by-step guide for making sure your students letters of recommendation (LORs) are the best they can be.

1. Get Organized

The students should talk to you or another Counselor to find out how the school handles teacher recommendations. At some schools, the guidance office will submit the teacher recommendations from the students file to colleges directly, along with their transcripts and the school report. At other schools, teachers are requested to send LORs directly to the colleges. Some schools manage recommendations electronically through software packages like Naviance, while others are using functions on the Common Application. The point is that students must know the procedures at your school before they even get started. And they need to follow those procedures, so as to make the lives of their teachers and counselors as easy as possible. With some teachers writing dozens of letters each year, the more they can make things easy for the teacher writing their letter, the diligence and kindness will be reflected in their evaluation.

2. Decide Which Teachers Should Write their LORs

teacher recommendation for college

A good LOR tells a good story about the applicant. The story reflects the strengths—and perhaps a few weaknesses—of the candidate. A good letter contains some details, some examples, some bits of information that bring the candidate to life for the reader. And a good letter might also provide information about the student’s intellectual growth and development over time. Therefore they need to choose a teacher who knows them well to write their letter.

They also need to make sure that they choose at least one teacher in a core academic discipline. They are applying to college, not to a resort or a team or to a service club. Admissions officers want to know about their performance in and contributions to the classroom. If they like, they can add a second or third LOR from a band director, a coach, or the head of their youth group. These letters can help round them out as a person. But at least one LOR should be from an English, math, social studies, science, or foreign language teacher.

Finally, don’t assume that they should choose the teacher in whose class they are performing the best. Nor should it necessarily be the teacher of their favorite subject. As noted earlier, they need to identify the teacher who knows their work, who can tell some good stories, and who can highlight their positive personal qualities.

3. Establish a Relationship with Their Teachers

Well before they decide which teacher will write their LOR, they need to consider that a teacher will not know them very well unless they make an effort to get to know the teacher. They need to participate in class, ask questions, work hard. They should go above and beyond what is required, to demonstrate their interest, their fortitude, their proficiency. They should show up before or after school to ask questions, shoot the breeze, or comment about the course content. It is important to express interest not only in the class, but in the teacher. Obviously, they will get along better with some teachers than with others. So they should focus their efforts on developing relationships with the teachers with whom they share some connection, some affinity.

4. Consider the Timing of Their Request for a Letter of Recommendation

Teachers are busy people. Don’t wait until the last moment to request an LOR. They should avoid asking after their midterm or final exam—when their teacher is still grading stacks of papers. They should never assume that teachers will write letters during school vacations (students don’t want to work during vacations, and their teachers don’t, either). They need to look at their own deadlines for their college applications, and consider requesting the LOR at least a couple of months before the deadline. It is imperative that they be considerate and respectful.

5. Pop the Question

letter of recommendation for college admission

When they meet with their teacher to request an LOR, they will likely be nervous. They should try not to worry. Teachers field these requests all the time, and they expect to be asked. They should consider making their request after school or during a teacher’s off period. They should never make the request via email or over the telephone. They should always do it in person: it makes a better impression.

Their question can go something like this: “Ms. Baker, out of all my high school classes, I have enjoyed yours the most. I feel that I’ve learned a lot from you. You’re a great teacher, and I enjoy the material we are learning. I also think you bring out the best in me. I would like to ask whether you would be willing to write a strong letter of recommendation for me as I apply to colleges this year. Of all my teachers, I think you know me best, and I’d be pleased if you would write my recommendation.”

They should be complimentary of the teacher, but they also want to convey a sense of pride in the work they have done in the class. Brown-nosing won’t work. But if they have built a good relationship with this teacher, he or she will be delighted to give them an enthusiastic “yes,” if they craft their request in this way.

6. Provide Their Teacher with Adequate Information

After their teacher answers an enthusiastic “yes!” to their request, they should present him with a slim folder with everything the teacher needs to fulfill the request. The folder will contain a variety of documents (see below) that will help him in writing a detailed letter filled with anecdotes about their skills and abilities. Presenting this folder immediately will convey how seriously they take the teacher—and the recommendation.
The folder should contain:

  • Resume
  • Personal statement, assuming they have completed it
  • A short “statement of purpose” that outlines the sort of college they hope to attend and why they think that sort of college would be best for them. Write one or two solid paragraphs. Make sure to focus on the academic issues related to their college choice, so that the teacher can provide specific information to support their application.
  • A full list of the colleges to which they are applying, including addresses, with application deadlines clearly stated. If they are applying to particular departments, scholarships, or other special programs, make sure to clarify that information for the teacher.
  • The recommendation form or forms the teacher will need to complete (note this might be the form your high school uses, or it could be the form from the application platform they will be using, such as the Common App). Or they might include the form from each individual college to which they are applying.
  • If the letter is to be turned in to the school guidance office, include an envelope in which the completed letter can be sent to the guidance office.
  • If the teacher has to send the letter directly to the college, include stamped, addressed envelopes for each college to which they are applying (make sure to clip these to the appropriate blank forms, to make it easy for the teacher to do the collating).
  • Contact information, including phone number, home address, and email address, in case the writer has any questions.
  • A short note of personal thanks to express their appreciation.

FAQs about Letters of Recommendation for College

How many college recommendation letters do I need?

As in so many things in life, the priority here is on quality, not quantity. Generally most colleges want one counselor recommendation and one teacher recommendation. I advise my students to obtain two solid recommendations from teachers. One should be from a teacher in a core subject (math, English, science, social studies, or foreign language).

The second can be from another core teacher, or from an elective teacher who knows you well or in an area that the student hopes to pursue in college (a budding actor needs a letter from the drama teacher, for example). In some cases, a third letter from a coach, a youth group leader, or some other adult who plays a significant role in the student’s life may be included. Admissions officers spend a total of about seven minutes reviewing an applicant’s file. A pile of letters that say essentially the same thing will be more of a hindrance than a help.

My dad knows Senator Longbottom from my state. Should I get him to write me a recommendation for college?

Not unless Senator Longbottom knows you really well and can say something new, different, or eye-opening for the admissions committee that is not otherwise in your application. Gratuitous letters from bigwigs will not impress anyone. The admissions officers want to know first and foremost about your life in the classroom. Senator Longbottom is unlikely to have much to add on that score (unless he was your civics teacher before got himself elected!).

Can I request a letter of recommendation for college via email?

No. Many high schools now have automated systems for requesting letters of recommendation. These are fine for processing and for making the lives of teachers and counselors easier. If your school uses such a system, you need to adapt your request to accommodate an electronic delivery system. But you should NOT request the recommendation this way. Make your request in person, then follow it up with the electronic request. A face-to-face request shows maturity and respect. An emailed request is wimpy.

What if my teacher turns down my request for a letter of recommendation?

It happens very occasionally. Usually this happens only when a student does not carefully consider whom to ask in the first place. Reasons for rejection vary. Some teachers are too busy. Some teachers will not write letters for students they don’t know well. And some teachers are brutally honest: they will not write a letter unless they can write a strong, supportive one. You have little choice to respect the teacher’s decision and seek one from another. Don’t despair, however; a teacher who turns you down would be unlikely to have written a good recommendation, anyway. Better to opt for your second choice than to get a letter that is weak or (worse) negative.

Should I waive my right to see a recommendation? Should it be strictly confidential?

get letter of recommendation from a teacher

A confidential letter is best. Some teachers will provide you with a copy, anyway. But it is better for the admissions officer to believe that the teacher is not sharing his or her comments with you directly. The teacher, too, should feel comfortable about being honest in the recommendation. Often the strongest letters are actually ones that include a couple of insights into the student’s relative weaknesses; these insights can help highlight a teacher’s strengths (plus, a letter that goes on and on with nothing but superlatives really doesn’t say much of anything). If you have chosen your recommender carefully, you need not fret that the letter will say something bad about you. So waive your right to see it, and give that letter an extra measure of weight in the eyes of the admissions officer who reads it.

How can I build a better relationship with my teachers before I ask them for a letter of recommendation for college?

Thought it may seem somewhat surprising, teachers are human. They like it when students show an interest in them, and in what they are teaching. So engage with your teacher as a human, and as an instructor. Ask questions in class. Come after school or before school with a question (even if you know the answer—sometimes it helps just to get the teacher talking!). Express your thanks. On a day when you feel class was particularly good or the teacher was in fine form, tell her so. If you enjoyed a particular project or assignment, say so as you hand it in (don’t wait to complain about the grade after it is returned). You want to be an eager, conscientious student.

But you don’t to be a tiresome brownnoser. If you find that you are forcing yourself to like the teacher or the subject matter, consider asking a different teacher to write your recommendation. Not only are teachers human, they are also able to smell a sycophantic toady a mile away.

How can I thank the writers of my letters of recommendation for college?

As a former teacher, I’m tempted to say that you should buy them expensive gifts: Rolex watches come to mind. But the best form of gratitude is to act grateful. Write a thank you note (not an email—a handwritten note on a nice card) after you have confirmed that the colleges have received their letters. Make sure to let your recommenders know where you are accepted: run by their office between classes and share your good news, and say thanks for the recommendation. Write another nice note at the end of the year, just before graduation, to let them know how much you appreciate their help in getting you through high school and into college.

And, if you really want to make a teacher’s day, week, month, or year, send him a note or two from college. Let them know how you’re doing. Share some good news. Relate what you are learning in college to something you learned in their classroom. Nothing warms a jaded teacher’s heart like a genuine note of thanks from a former student.

About Mark Montgomery

College Admissions Expert Mark Montgomery

Mark is the Founder and CEO of Great College Advice, a national college admissions consulting firm. As a career educator, he has served as a college administrator, professor of international relations at the University of Denver and the Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, program consultant at Yale and the University of Kansas, government instructor at Harvard and Tufts, high school teacher of French, and a Fulbright teacher of English in France. He has personally helped hundreds of students from around the world map their college journeys.

Mark speaks on college preparation, selection, and admission to students and parents around the world, and his views have been published in major newspapers and journals

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